The Credit & Qualifications Framework for Wales (CQFW)

The Credit and Qualifications Framework for Wales (CQFW) is an all-inclusive framework that recognises all forms of learning across all levels and abilities. The framework is designed to provide greater clarity on the qualifications system in Wales.

Credit and Qualifications Framework for Wales

An all-inclusive framework designed to provide greater clarity on the qualifications system in Wales.

The Credit and Qualifications Framework for Wales (CQFW) is managed by a strategic operational partnership comprising the Welsh Government, Higher Education Funding Council for Wales (HEFCW) and Qualifications Wales. It is aligned with the European Qualifications Framework (EQF), assisting mobility of labour.


  • is an enabling tool in relation to Welsh Government’s economic and skills policies and goals
  • offers a national qualifications framework for learners in Wales of all ages and abilities
  • provides a common currency for learning achievement
  • supports the recognition of credit and qualifications across all levels, enabling learners to progress
  • facilitates providers to articulate pathways of progression that are easily understood and are transferable and consistent within Europe and the wider International community

Principles of CQFW

The CQFW embraces three common principles:

  • expression of achievement as learning outcomes
  • the demands made by that learning on the learner (level)
  • the volume of learning achievements (credit)

Together, these principles create a model which can embrace and underpin all styles/types of learning in all sections of education and training.

More information about the Framework can be found here

Qualification and component levels

The requirements and guidance for assigning levels to regulated qualifications and (where appropriate) their components can be found in the “Qualification and Component Levels” document.

This document sets out:

  • level requirements;

  • level descriptors that awarding bodies must use when selecting the appropriate level to assign to a qualification;

  • guidance on level and level descriptors.




Tuesday 21 June, 2016
Author: Qualifications Wales

Qualification and Component Levels (328.0 KB)